Primärmaterial/Quelle

Siemens Stiftung

EU report about the sources of noise

Web resource:
Report from the Commission of European Communities concerning measures of environmental noise.

Content:
Taking stock of noise exposure situation in the EU. Also references to laws and legal situation.

Noise Protection Law is part of Environmental Protection Law. Environmental law includes all laws which serve to protect the environment. It includes Private Environmental Law (Civil Law), Public Environmental Law (Administrative Law) and Penal Environmental Law.

Information and ideas:
The report shows that noise protection is a topic of great public interest which affects very different areas of society. The supranational aspect is of particular interest.

Relevant for teaching:
Noises: causes, effect, protection
Measuring of sound/noise
Noise consumption and leisure-time activities

Unterrichtsplanung

Siemens Stiftung

Pedagogical/didactic introduction Experimento | 10+

Teaching methods:
Information on how to use Experimento | 10+ for teaching.

Teachers are here introduced to the pedagogical/didactic concept of using Experimento | 10+ for teaching. Most of these easy-to-perform, freehand experiments can be conducted interdisciplinarily. They are suited for an introduction to new topics or to exercise material already learned. The experiments relate to the student's everyday life, support independent learning, focus on competence and are suited for different age groups.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Optics - The physics of light

Information sheet:
Starting from the definition of light, light is described concisely in its various forms as a ray, as a wave, and as radiant energy.

Introduction to optics.

Information and ideas:
Intended as preliminary information for students as well as for teachers.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Nerve conduction in the skin

Information sheet:
A stimulus is received by a receptor and transmitted across the nerve cells to the brain.

The cells of the nervous system are introduced and the basic structure of a nerve cell is described. The process of transmitting a nerve impulse from the skin to the brain is explained based on saltatory conduction.
In addition, the different skin sensors are introduced:
· Free nerve endings
· Tactile corpuscles (Meissner?s corpuscles)
· Cold receptors (Krause?s corpuscles)
· Heat receptors (Ruffini?s corpuscles)
· Pressure receptors (Pacinian corpuscles)

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Link list for the media package "Humanitarian aid - drinking water filters in use"

Link list:
Many interesting links on the topics of "Drinking water shortage", "Humanitarian aid", and "Membrane filters".


Information and ideas:
Equally suitable as a source for Internet inquiry for teachers and students alike.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Heat capacity

Information sheet:
Heat capacity is introduced as a physical substance variable and the associated measurement method, calorimetry, is presented.

First, the information sheet gives a general definition of heat capacity. Then it goes into the special status of water?s heat capacity and presents a measurement method for heat capacities, known as calorimetry. In conclusion, it points out the significance of heat capacity for heat stores.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Fats in nutrition

Information sheet:
Fat in excessive quantities can harm human health. Therefore, it is important to know which fats and how much are important and beneficial for human nutrition.

The information sheet answers the following questions:
· What do we need fats for?
· What are fats made of and what types are there?
· What are the health consequences of eating too much fat?
· What are hidden fats and what foods contain them?
· How can I consciously eat a healthy diet?

Information and ideas:
The topics of carbohydrates and proteins can be rehashed by the students in a similar manner with respect to their importance for human nutrition.

Using the following source: "Kalorien mundgerecht", 14th edition, 2010, Neuer Umschau Buchverlag GmbH, Neustadt, and Nestle Deutschland AG, Frankfurt am Main

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Energy storage

Information sheet:
Overview of the energy stores that can be used on a large scale, classified according to form of stored energy.

The list includes only the energy stores that already have a larger practical significance or great potential for the future.
The stores are classified according to the following energy forms: thermal, mechanical, chemical, electrical, and magnetic.

Information and ideas:
This information sheet is taken from the "Renewable energies? guideline for teachers, which is also available on the media portal of the Siemens Stiftung.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

C6 Skin and hygiene (teacher instructions)

Experimentation instructions for Experimento | 10+:
Background information on the content and practical information on conducting the experiment "Skin and hygiene - Why do we wash our hands?". This experiment comprises two subexperiments.


This is a typical introductory experiment to the topic of hygiene, as well as to the topics of solutions and emulsions. The experiment itself can deal only superficially with the topic in question. The teacher will have to provide more detailed information depending on the age group of the students. The materials supplied allow eight groups of students to conduct the experiments simultaneously.

The experiment comprises two subexperiments:
· What happens when you wash your hands?
· The pH value of skin

Notes:
· Observe the safety information in the instructions as well as the applicable safety guidelines for your school.
· All materials mentioned in the instructions will have to be purchased directly from commercial sources.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

C5 What functions does the skin have? (teacher instructions)

Experimentation instructions for Experimento | 10+:
Background information on the content and practical information on conducting the experiment "What functions does the skin have? - The skin as a sense organ". This experiment comprises three subexperiments.


The suggested experiments can be carried out by up to eight groups of students. They are particularly suitable as an introduction to the sense of touch from a sensory-physiological point of view. These instructions provide notes for linking the experiments to the curriculum and ideas for further study.

The experiment comprises three subexperiments:
· How does skin react to touch?
· How does the skin perceive cold and heat?
· How does the skin distinguish between different temperatures?

Notes:
· Observe the safety information in the instructions as well as the applicable safety guidelines for your school.
· All materials mentioned in the instructions will have to be purchased directly from commercial sources.