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Anderer Ressourcentyp

Was passiert im Flusskraftwerk?

n der Strömung von Bächen und Flüssen steckt viel Energie - die ein Flusskraftwerk anzapft. Haushohe Turbinen liefern Strom für hunderttausende Haushalte.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Storage power plant

Graphic:Operating principle of a storage power plant In a storage power plant, naturally flowing water is dammed up by means of an artificial reservoir and stored for times of peak demand. The accumulated water is then fed to the turbines of the low-lying power plant via penstocks. All the potential energy of the water in the storage reservoir is thus an energy store for times of peak demand. Smaller storage power plants use Pelton turbines, while large storage power plants (high pressure and large volume of water) use Francis turbines.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Run-of-river power plant

Simulation:Operating principle of a run-of-river power plant A run-of-river power plant is used on rivers with a very small fall in elevation and a high flow rate of water. The turbines operate nonstop, meaning they can produce electric power continuously and have very low operating costs. The river water flows through a turbine, which drives a generator, thus producing electricity. An effective head of a few meters is sufficient for run-of-river power plants, but the pressure difference is low. That’s why Kaplan turbines are often used as tubular turbines (horizontal installation) in these cases. They sometimes also have high-speed gearboxes (pit turbines).

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Speicherkraftwerk

Grafik:Funktionsprinzip eines Speicherkraftwerks.Beim Speicherkraftwerk wird von Natur aus nachfließendes Wasser mithilfe eines Stausees angestaut und für Bedarfsspitzen bevorratet. Das gestaute Wasser wird dann mittels Druckrohrleitungen zu den Turbinen des niedriger gelegenen Kraftwerks geführt. Die gesamte Lageenergie des Wassers im Speicherbecken ist also ein Energiespeicher für Spitzenzeiten. Kleinere Speicherkraftwerke verwenden Pelton-Turbinen, große Speicherkraftwerke (großer Druck und große Wassermenge) verwenden Francis-Turbinen.

Anderer Ressourcentyp

Siemens Stiftung

Tidal power plant

Simulation:Operating principle of a tidal power plant A tidal power plant makes sense if the height difference between high and low tide is very large. The first (since 1966) and largest tidal power plant is located in Saint-Malo, France (240 MW, 600 million kWh of electricity per year). There are others (or others are planned) in Canada, Russia, and China. The tidal power plant harnesses the power of the enormous water movements during high and low tide. For this purpose, a dam is built across a bay or the mouth of a river and turbines are installed inside the dam. At high tide, the water flows from the ocean side into the bay through the turbines. At low tide, the water flows in the opposite direction and also drives the turbines. Primarily Kaplan tubular turbines are used in this case. Other tidal power plants do without a dam; instead of making use of the height difference of the tides, they take advantage of the currents produced by the tides ("tidal current power plant”).